Immunization Schedule for Your Little One Based on the 2017 Recommendation by the Indonesian Pediatrician Association
Oleh: Morinaga Platinum
Immunization is one way to prevent transmission of a disease by providing a vaccine for a person's immune system to increase actively against certain diseases. There are various vaccine administration methods; some are given by injection, dripped into the mouth, and sprayed into the mouth or nose. There is a type of vaccine that is given only once in a lifetime and some which need to be given periodically.
Make sure that Mommy has the schedule for immunization of your Little One, so your Little One will not have a late immunization. Regulation of the Minister of Health no. 12 year 2017 explains that immunization shall be given according to the time specified in the implementation guidelines.
Please see the schedule of immunization for children aged 0-18 years based on the recommendation of Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI) in 2017:
Hepatitis B Immunization. The first hepatitis B vaccine is recommended to be administered to the Little One within 12 hours after birth.
Schedule of hepatitis B vaccine depends on the type of vaccine, namely:
- Hepatitis B monovalent (self) vaccine next at the age of 1 month and 6 months.
- Hepatitis B vaccine combined with DTPw (whole-cell DTP) is given at age 2, 3, and 4 months.
- Hepatitis B vaccine combined with DTPa (DTP a-cellular) is given at age 2, 4, and 6 months.
Polio immunization. Polio vaccine is given when the Little One is discharged from the hospital. Second polio vaccines is given at age 2, 3, and 4 months.
BCG Immunization. BCG vaccine is only given before 3 months of age. If the Little One is given BCG vaccine at the age more than 3 months, then firstly, he/she needs to be tested for tuberculin skin test.
DTP immunization. DTP vaccine may be given at 6 weeks of age. There are three types of vaccines, namely DTP, DTPw, and DTPa.
Rotavirus immunization. There are two types of Rotavirus vaccine, namely monovalent rotavirus and pentavalen vaccine. The monovalent rotavirus vaccine is given twice. The age of first administration is at 6-14 weeks, while the second vaccine is given at an interval of 4 weeks from the first vaccine and the limit of administration is at 24-week age.
The pentavalent rotavirus vaccine is administered three times at the age of 6-14 weeks, the second and third doses are given at a distance of 4-10 weeks from the previous administration, with the limit of administration is at 32-week age.
Measles Immunization. Measles vaccine is given at 9 months of age with advanced vaccines at 18 months and 6 years. However, the second vaccine does not need to be given when your Little One is getting MMR vaccine.
MMR / MR Immunization. The MMR vaccine consists of three types of attenuated virus, against measles, mumps, and German measles / rubella (German measles).
If you have measles vaccine at 9 months of age, an MMR / MR vaccine is given at 15 months of age (at least 6 months interval). If at the age of 12 months your Little Onehave not received the measles vaccine, he/she can be given an MMR / MR vaccine.
PCV immunization (pneumococcus). The PCV vaccine is given at 7-12 months of age, with a 2-month interval from the previous vaccine for three times and the last vaccine is given once over the age of 1 year. For 2-year-olds, PCV only needs to be given once.
Varicella Immunization. Varicella vaccine is given after 12 months of age. When given over the age of 13 years, varicella vaccine is performed twice with a minimum interval of 4 weeks.
Immunization of HPV (Human Papillomavirus). HPV vaccine can be administrated starting from when the baby is 10 years old. There are two types of HPV vaccine, namely bivalent HPV, given with a schedule of 0, 1, and 6 months. Then, tetravalent HPV vaccine, given with a schedule of 0, 2, and 6 months.
Immunization of JE (Japanese Encephalitis). JE vaccine is given at 12 months of age to the people entering endemic areas.
Dengue Immunization. Dengue vaccine is given at age 9-16 years with a schedule of 0, 6, and 12 months.
Let's protect the family with vaccination, regularly and on time. Thus, the vaccine can work optimally in the body.