Growth & Development

Vitamins and Minerals for Children’s Development

Morinaga Platinum - 25 January 2019

For an optimum development, children should receive a balanced nutrition intake. In addition to the main nutrients such as carbohydrate, proteins, and fats; vitamins and mineral are also important to help children’s development process. However, most children do not like vegetables and fruits, whereas both of these foods are source of natural vitamins and minerals.

So, do the children need additional vitamins and minerals? Actually, if their daily diet is complete and balanced, they do not need any vitamin and mineral supplements. However, there are several groups of children who need additional supplement to make their development process to be optimum, namely:

  • Children who are difficult to eat, eating irregularly, and picky eater
  • Children who are sick or in the recovery process
  • Children with a certain medical condition, such as digestive problems, allergies, and so on
  • Children who are very active in various activities, such as sports
  • Children who undergo special diet, such as vegetarian diet, milk elimination diet, and so on

To optimize children’s development, Moms could provide additional vitamins and minerals from supplements, or cereals and milk fortified with complete vitamins and minerals without neglecting the main source of the daily diet.

What type of vitamins and minerals are important for children’s development?

Vitamin A

Plays an important role in maintaining the health of eyes, hair, nails and skin. Support the bone development and protect the body from various diseases. Vitamin A can be obtained from cheese, eggs, carrots, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, spinach, red pepper, mango and broccoli.

Vitamin B

Vitamin B consists of several kinds, namely B1, B2, B3, B6 and B12. It is contained in soybeans, rice, beans, meat, chicken, milk, eggs, and fish. To help children’s development, vitamin B plays a role in metabolism, energy production, and the health of nerve system.

Vitamin C

Serves to help the formation of red blood cells, bones, and tissues. Vitamin C also maintains the gums health and blood vessels strength. In addition, vitamin C also helps to boost the immune system so the children are not getting sick easily and their development process can be optimum as well. Vitamin C can be found in oranges, strawberries, guavas, papayas, mangoes, kiwis, tomatoes, and broccoli.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential for bones and teeth development, as well as helps the absorption of calcium. The sources of vitamin D are milk and its derivative products, such as cheese, yogurt, and butter. Vitamin D can also be obtained from eggs, salmon, tuna, and fish oil. In addition, sunlight can also help the formation of vitamin D.

Vitamin E

In helping children’s development process, vitamin E can limit the production of free radicals that can damage the body cells. This vitamin is also important for body immune system and repairing damaged DNA. Vitamin E can be found in beans, kiwis, broccoli, sunflower seed oil, canola oil, soybean oil, and spinach.


Calcium has an active role in supporting children’s development process. This mineral plays an important role in bones and teeth development, maintaining the health of nerves and muscles, helps the blood clotting process, and helps the body to convert food into energy. The source of calcium is more or less the same as vitamin D, which are milk and its derivative products like cheese, yogurt, butter, tofu, and spinach.


Helps the process of muscles formation and is needed to produce healthy red blood cells. The sources of iron include red meat, turkey, spinach, beans, and prunes.