In the process of development there is a critical period. Critical period is children’s first thousand days of life since fetus until they turn 2 years old. Why is the first thousand days so important? Because at this period, the growth of various organ systems occurs rapidly, including brain and gastrointestinal tract. This is the golden period to shape a quality future. If children develop not optimally during this period, it can lower their quality in the future.
After children are born, their brain is developing rapidly. Imagine it Moms, the brain mass at birth is only about 300 grams and at the time they turn 2 years old, the mass increase to 1,000 grams. This means that at the age of 2 years old, children’s brain volume reaches 80 percent of adult’s brain volume. At the age of 3, brain develops to 90 percent. Then after the age of 3, the development slows down and the brain will reach the adult’s size by the age 9-14 years old.
Brain development occurs through the increase of connections and branches of brain cells as well as the maturation of nerve cells, so it can function properly. Here is the guide to the stage of brain development:
Well, according to the above stage, Moms could do the right stimulation to optimize the children’s development.
Similar to the brain, the growth and development of gastrointestinal tract are also happening rapidly during children’s early life. Below is a guide to children’s gastrointestinal tract development by the age group:
Make sure that you take note on the following things for babies’ brain and gastrointestinal tract develop optimally: nutrition, stimulation, hygiene, vaccination, and basic health needs.
In terms of nutrition, children’s need of macronutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, and fats) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) should be fulfilled according to their age and gastrointestinal tract development. In addition to the macro and micro nutrients, some substances such as omega-3, omega-6, AA, DHA, iron, and choline can support children’s brain development. Meanwhile, probiotics and prebiotics are also important components to support the growth and development of a healthy gastrointestinal tract.
Optimize children’s brain and gastrointestinal tract development from the early age for a quality future of your children.
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